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Accueil > Actualités > Séminaires > Séminaires 2015

Mardi 24 mars 2015 à 11h00 en salle K118

Evan Variano, Associate Professor, Environmental Fluid Mechanics Civil & Environmental Engineering, University of California, Berkeley

Titre/Title : Turbulent transport of non-spherical suspended particles : particle shape and rotation

Contact : Julien Chauchat (Meige)

Résumé/Abstract : Natural particles suspended in surface water are often non-spherical. We explore the ways in which particle shape affects particle motion, focusing specifically on how particle rotation is divided among the principle axes of non-spherical particles. This, in turn, will effect particle collision, clustering, and settling rates. We focus on idealized axisymmetric particles shaped as rods, discs, and spheroids. Their size, shape, and inertia are chosen so as to explain the physics of aspherical-particle motion that will be relevant for natural particles such as plankton, sediment, or aggregates. We find that shape has only a very weak effect on particle angular velocity, which is a quantity calculated with respect the global reference frame (i.e. east/north/up). If we analyze rotation in a particle’s local frame (i.e. the particle’s principle axes of rotation), then particle shape has a strong effect on rotation. In the local frame, rotation is described by two components : tumbling and spinning. We find that rod-shaped particles spin more than they tumble, and we find that disc-shaped particles tumble more than they spin. Such behavior is indicative of how particles respond to the directional influence of vortex tubes in turbulence, and such response has implications for particle motion other than rotation. Understanding particle alignment is relevant for predicting particle-particle collision rates, particle-wall collision rates, and the shear-driven breakup of aggregates. We discuss these briefly in the context of what can be concluded from the rotation data discussed above.