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Home > Large Equipments > The Coriolis rotating platform > Research projects > Archives 2008

On the role of physical modelling in atmospheric and oceanic forecast

Sommeria J. Environmental Fluid Mechanics, special issue: ’Environmental Hydraulics’, 485-493 (2008)

We discuss how physical modelling can be used to reproduce atmospheric or oceanic flows in the laboratory. The similarity conditions for the effects of density stratification and Earth rotation are first presented. Then examples of results obtained on the large Coriolis platform inGrenoble are described. These include topographicwakes in a stratified fluid and gravity currents. Physical modelling is not used to get direct results of practical relevance, but rather to test numerical models on specific processes of environmental flows. Therefore it must be performed in close relationship with theory and numerical modelling, using advanced measurement and data assimilation techniques.